Faster, Higher, Stronger
更快,更高,更强

Phrases Learnt in Middle School

add up:加起来;说得通;

add up to:合计达、总括起来;

ahead of:比……提前、比……更早;

above all:首先、尤其是;

all but:几乎;除了……都;

all in all:从各方面说、总的说来;

for all:尽管、虽然;

in all:总共、合计;

leave alone:不打扰、不惊动;

all along:始终、一直;

along with:和……一道;

one after another:一个接一个;

one another:互相;

answer for:对……负有责任;

in answer to:作为对……的回答;

anything but:绝对不;

as for/to:至于、关于;

as if/though:好像、仿佛;

right away:立刻、马上;

back and forth:来回地、反复地;

back down/off:放弃、后退;

back out:退出、撒手;食言;

back up:(使)倒退;支持;

behind sb.’s back:暗中;

turn one’s back on:轻视、不理睬;

beat down:打倒、平息;

beat up:痛打、狠揍;

become of:使遭遇、发生于;

beg off:恳求免除;

bend over backwards:竭尽全力;

beside oneself:极度兴奋;

get/have the best of:战胜;

make the best of:充分利用;

better off:境况好起来;

in between:在中间;

fill the bill:符合要求;

bit by bit:一点一点地;

do one’s own bit:做自己分内的事;

turn a blind eye (to):(对……)视而不见;

in cold blood:残忍地;

blow up:爆炸;充气;大怒;

come to blows:动手打起来;

in the same boat:处境相同;

boil down to:意味着、归结为;

boil over:沸溢;激动、发怒;

have a bone to pick with:与……争辩;

make no bones about:毫不犹豫;

pick sb.’s brains:向……请教;

rack one’s brains:绞尽脑汁;

break down:损坏;垮掉、崩溃;

break off:中断、突然停止;

break out:爆发、突然出现;逃;

break through:突围、冲破;突破;

catch one’s breath:喘息;屏息;

hold one’s breath:屏息;

out of breath:喘不过气来;

take sb.’s breath away:使惊羡不已;

under one’s breath:压着嗓子;

bring about:导致、引起;

bring around/round:说服;使恢复;

bring forth:产生、提出;

bring forward:提前;提出、提议;

bring off:使实现、做成;

bring out:出版、推出;激起;

bring through:使脱险;

bring up:养育、教养;提出;

build on/upon:把……建立于;

build up:逐步建立;增强;集结;

burn down:烧毁;火势减弱;

burn out:烧光;熄灭;

burn up:烧毁;(使)发怒;

get down to business:着手办某事;

go out of business:歇业;

have no business:无权、没有理由;

in business:经商、经营;

mind your own business:少管闲事;

on business:因公、因事;

but for:倘没有、要不是;

buy off:出钱摆脱;收买;

buy out:买下……的全部股份;

by and by:不久、迟早;

by and large:大体上、总的来说;

by the bye:顺便提一句;

call for:叫(某人)来;要求;

call in:叫……进来、召来;

call off:取消;

call on/upon:访问、拜访;号召;

call up:打电话(给);

care for:照顾;喜欢;

carry forward:推进;

carry off:拿走、夺走;

carry on:继续、进行;

carry out:实行;完成;

carry over:(使)继续下去、将……延后;

carry through:坚持下去;

in any case:无论如何;

in case:假使、以防(万一);

in case of:假如、如果发生;

in no case:无论如何不、决不;

by chance:偶然、碰巧;

by any chance:万一、也许;

take a chance:冒险、投机;

check in:登记、报到;

check out:结账离去;

clean up:清理、清除;

clear away:把……清除掉;

clear off:离开、溜掉;

clear out:把……腾空;走开、赶出;

round the clock:日夜不停地;

close by:在近旁、在旁边;

close down:关闭、歇业;

close in (on):包围、围住;

close up:堵住、关闭;

come about:发生、产生;

come across:偶然遇见、碰上;

come around/round:苏醒;顺便来访;

come out:出现;出版、发表;

come to:苏醒;结果是;涉及;

in common:共用的、共有的;

in control (of):掌握着、控制着;

out of control:失去控制;

under control:处于控制之下;

cook up:捏造、编造;

cool down/off:冷却、(使)冷静下来;

around/round the corner:临近;

cut corners:走捷径、省钱;

turn the corner:出现转机;

at all costs:不惜任何代价;

at the cost of:以……为代价;

count in:把……算入;

count on/upon:依靠、指望;

count out:逐一数出;不把……算入;

count up:算出……的总数、共计;

cover for:代替;为……打掩护;

cover up:掩盖;盖住;

take cover:隐蔽;

under cover:秘密地、暗地里;

cross off/out:划掉、勾销;

cry out for:迫切需要;

cut across:抄近路穿过、对直通过;

cut back:急忙返回;削减;

cut down:削减;砍倒;

cut in:插嘴;超车抢挡;

cut off:切断、阻断;使隔绝;

cut out:删去;戒除;

out of date:过时的、不用的;

up to date:切合目前情况的;

deep down:实际上、在心底;

take (a) delight in:以……为乐;

in depth:深入地、彻底地;

out of one’s depth:非……所能理解、为……所不及;

die away:变弱、渐渐停止;

die down:变弱、逐渐消失;

die out:灭绝;

on a diet:节食;

make a difference:有影响;

dig up:挖掘出、找出;

dish out:给予、分发;

keep at a distance:对……冷淡;

do away with:废除、去掉;

do for:毁坏、使完蛋;

do up:系;修缮;打扮;

do without:用不着、将就;

double up:弯着身子;

beyond (a) doubt:无疑地、确实地;

in doubt:不能肯定的、可怀疑的;

no doubt:很可能、无疑地;

down with:打倒、不要;

draw in:(天)渐黑;到站;

draw on:吸(烟);利用;临近;

draw up:起草;(使)停住;

dream up:凭空想出;

dress up:精心打扮;装饰;

drink in:吸入;倾听、陶醉于;

drive at:想说、打算;

drop by/in:顺便(或偶然)访问;

drop off:睡着;下车;下降、减少;

drop out:退出、退学;

dry out:(使)干透;

dry up:(使)干涸;(使)枯竭;

on earth:究竟、到底;

take it easy:别紧张、放松;

bring/carry/put into effect:实行、使生效;

in effect:实际上、实质上;

take effect:生效、起作用;

or else:否则、要不然;

no end:非常、极其;

enjoy oneself:得到乐趣、过得快活;

enter on/upon:着手做、开始;

make an example of:惩罚;

except for:除……以外;要不是由于;

make an exhibition of oneself:出洋相;

explain away:为……辩解;

catch sb.’s eye:引起某人注意;

keep an eye on:照看、留神;

see eye to  eye:看法完全一致;

face up to:勇敢地对付(或接受);

in the face of:在……面前;尽管;

fall back on:借助于、依靠;

fall behind:落后、落在……的后面;

fall for:受……的骗;迷恋;

fall out:吵架;脱落;

fall through:落空、成为泡影;

fall to:开始、着手;

as far as:到……程度、就……;

by far:最,……得多;

far from:远远不、完全不;

in so far as:到……程度;

so far:迄今为止;到某个程度;

hold fast to:坚持;

at fault:有责任、出毛病;

for fear of/that:生怕、以免;

on the fence:保持中立;

fill in:填满;填写;

fill out:填写;长胖;

find out:找出、查明、发现;

keep one’s fingers crossed:祈求成功;

first of all:首先;

fish for:摸找、搜寻;

fit in (with):符合、适应;

fix on:决定、确定;

fix up:安排、安顿、照应;

as follows:如下;

follow through:把……进行到底、完成;

follow up:追究、追查;

fool about/around:虚度光阴、闲荡;

set free:释放;

in full:全部;

make fun of:拿……开玩笑、取消;

in future:今后、从今以后;

in the future:在将来;

gain on:赶上、逼近;

give the game away:露马脚;

get across:(使)被了解、(将……)讲清楚;

get along:前进、进展;与……相处;

get by:通过;过得去;

get down:下来;使沮丧、着手做;

get off:下来;出发;结束;逃脱惩罚;

get out:退出、(使)逃脱;泄漏;生产、出版;

get over:克服;将……讲清楚;

get through:渡过;打通电话;

give away:赠送;泄露;

give in:认输、屈服;交上;

give off:发出、散发出;

give out:分发;用完;发出;

give up:放弃;(oneself)自首;

go about:着手做、忙于;

go after:追赶、追求;

go by:(时间)过去;遵守;

go down:下降、减少;沉没、落;

go over:仔细检查;复习、重做;

go through:检查;经历;被批准;

for good:永久地;

make the grade:成功;

gain ground:进展、占优势;

on (the) grounds of:根据……;

grow on:越来越被……喜爱;

grow out of:产生于;

off (one’s) guard:没有提防地;

on (one’s) guard:站岗、值班;警惕;

in the habit of:有……的习惯;

git in sb.’s hair:惹恼某人;

make sb.’s hair stand on end:使人毛骨悚然;

in half:成两半;

go halves:均摊费用;

hang about/around:闲荡、闲待着;

hang on:坚持;不挂断;取决于;

hang up:挂断(电话);悬挂;

talk through one’s hat:吹牛;

have on:穿着、戴着;

at heart:内里、本质上;

lose heart:失去勇气、丧失信心;

set one’s heart on:下决心做;

take heart:鼓起勇气、振作起来;

take … to heart:为……伤心(或烦恼等);

help oneself:自用、自取(食物等);

help out:帮助解决难题;

make history:做值得载入史册的事;

hit on/upon:忽然想出;无意中发现;

hold back:阻挡;退缩;保守;

hold down:阻止(物价等)上涨;压制;

hold off:推迟;阻止;

hold on:等一会、不挂断;握住不放;

hold out:伸出;维持;坚持(要求);

hold over:延缓、推迟;

hold up:支持;延迟;展示;抢劫;

hold with:赞成、赞同;

in a hurry:匆忙、急于;

if only:要是……多好;

be in for:一定会遭到(麻烦等);参加;

in that:因为、原因在于;

every inch:完全、彻底;

on the increase:正在增加(增长);

inside out:里面朝外;彻底地;

by itself:自动地、独自地;

in itself:本质上;

on the job:在工作、上班;

get the jump on:抢在……前面行动;

just about:差不多、几乎;

keep from:阻止、抑制;

keep up:(使)继续下去、保持;

keep up with:跟上;

kick about/around:被闲置于;到处游荡;

kick off:开始、开球;

kick up:引起、激起;

in kind:以实物(偿付);

kind of:有点儿、有几分;

of a kind:同类的;徒有其名的;

bring to one’s kness:使屈服;

knock about/around:到处游荡;

knock down:击倒;杀(价);拆除;

knock off:下班、停止;减去;

knock out:(拳击中)击倒、打昏;

know better (than):明事理;

at large:自由地;总的;充分地;

by and large:大体上、总的来说;

at the latest:最迟;

of late:近来、最近;

later on:以后、后来;

laugh at:因……而笑;嘲笑;

lay aside:把……搁置一旁;留存;

lay down:放下、交出;规定;

lay off:(暂时)解雇;停止做;

lay out:摆出、展开;安排、设计;

lay over:作短暂停留;

least of all:最不、尤其;

not in the least:丝毫不、一点不;

at length:详细地;最终、终于;

lose oneself in:专心致志于;

at a loss:困惑、不知所措;

(be) made up of:由……组成;

make up:捏造;组成;(为……)化妆;补充;和解;

make up for:补偿;

mix up:混淆、弄混、弄乱;

neither … nor:(既不)不……也不;

every other:每隔一个的;

none other than:不同于;除了;

other than:不同于;除了;

come into one’s own:显示自身特点;

hold one’s own:独自;独立地;

pick out:挑出、选出;辨认出;

pick up:拿起;获得;好转;继续;

pull apart:把……拉开(或拆开);

pull in:(车)进站、(船)到岸;

pull out:拔出;(使)摆脱困境;

pull over:把(车)驶到(或驶向)路边;

put off:推迟;阻止;

put out:熄灭;出版;伸出;生产;

put up with:容忍、忍受;

rather than:与其……倒不如;

sail through:顺利通过;

set sail:启航;

for sale:代售、供出售;

on sale:出售、廉价出售;

all the same:都一样;尽管如此;

go without saying:不言而喻;

to say nothing of:更不用说、何况;

behind the scenes:在幕后;

a sea of:大量、茫茫一片;

at sea:在海上;茫然;

second to none:最好的;

see about:办理、安排;

see off:为……送行;

see out:坚持到……的终了、完成;

see through:看透、识破;

see to:注意、照料;

see (to it) that:一定注意到;

seeing (that):鉴于、由于;

seize on/upon:利用;

sell off:廉价出售(存货);

sell up:卖掉(全部家产等);

send away:把……打发走;

send for:派人去请、召唤;函购、函索;

send in:递送、呈报、提交;

send out:发送(信函、货物等);发出;

in a sense:从某种意义上说;

make sense:讲得通、有意义、言之有理;

set about:开始、着手;

set aside:留出、拨出;不理会;

set down:写下、记下;

set off:出发;激起;

set out:动身;开始;阐明;

set up:创立、为……作好准备;开业;

shake down:敲诈;彻底搜查;

shake off:抖落;摆脱;

shade in/into:逐渐变成;

in (good) shape:处于(良好)状况;

shape up:发展顺利、表现良好;

on the shelf:被搁置;

cut short:中断、打断;

for short:缩写、简称;

in short:简而言之、总之;

like a shot:立即、飞快地;

show off:炫耀、卖弄;

show up:暴露;露面;

shut down:(使)关闭、(使)停工;

shut off:切断(水、电等)、关掉;

shut up:住口;监禁;

on the side:作为兼职;暗地里;

side by side:肩并肩;

in sight:看得见;在望;

sign in:(使)签到、(使)登记;

sign off:停止播送、结束;

sign on/up:签约雇佣;签约受雇;

sink in:被理解、被理会;

sit back:在一旁闲着、袖手旁观;

sit in on:列席(会议)、旁听;

sit out/through:耐着性子看完;

sit up:坐直;熬夜;

size up:估计、判断;

slow down/up:(使)减速;

ever so:非常、极其;

so as to:为了、以便;

speak for:代表……讲话、为……辩护;表明;

speak out/up:大声地说、大胆地说;

speed up:(使)加快速度;

spell out:详细地说明;

spread out:(人群等)散开;伸展;

stand for:是……的缩写、代表;

stand out:清晰地显出、引人注目;

stand up for:支持、维护、保卫;

stand up to:抵抗;经得起;

start off:出发;(使)开始从事;

start on:开始进行、着手处置;

start out:出发;本来想要;

start up:创办;开动、发动;

steam up:(使)蒙上水汽;

out of step:不合拍、不协调;

step by step:逐步地;

step in:介入、开始参与;

stick to:黏贴在……上;紧随;忠于;

stick together:团结一致、互相支持;

stick up for:支持、为……辩护;

stick with:紧随;继续从事;

stop by:(顺便)过访、串门;

in store:贮藏着;必将到来;

as such:就其本身而论;

make sure:查明、弄确实;务必;

take in:接受;包括;领会;

take off:脱下;起飞;匆匆离开;

take over:接收;承袭、借用;

but then:但另一方面、然而;

think up:想出、设计出;

throw away:扔掉;错过、浪费;

throw in:外加、额外奉送;

throw off:摆脱掉;

throw off:扔掉;撵走;

throw up:呕吐;

at no time:从不、决不;

at one time:曾经、一度;

at times:有时、间或;

from time to time:有时、不时;

in no time:立即、马上;

in time:及时;

on time:准时;

take one’s time:不着急、不慌忙;

by turns:轮流地、交替地;

in turn:轮流地;转而;

turn away:回绝;

turn back:(使)折回;

turn down:关小、调低;拒绝;

turn off:关、关掉;

turn on:接通、打开;

turn out:关掉;制造;驱逐;

turn over:翻倒;仔细考虑;移交;

turn to:求助于;查阅;

turn up:开大、调大;出现;

up against:面临(问题、困难等);

up to:胜任……的;取决于……的;直到;

in view of:鉴于、考虑到;

in the wake of:随着……而来;

wake (up) to:认识到、意识到;

all the way:一直、完全;

by way of:经过;通过……的方法;

in no way:决不;

in the/sb.’s way:挡(某人)道;

make one’s way:去、行进;

make way:让路;

out of the way:被处理好;偏远的;

under way:在进行中;

work at/on:从事于、致力于;

work out:算出;理解;解决;

tire out:使疲劳不堪;

The tragedy of life is not so much what men suffer, but what they miss. 生活的悲剧不在于人们受到多少苦,而在于人们错过了什么。

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