Category Archives: 英语学习

英语词汇、英语语法。(药学专业英语已渗透进其他文章分类中,不另行谈及)

Word List 20190621

patriot 爱国者

dictate 口述、听写、命令

prescribe 开处方、开药、指示、规定

rectangle 长方形、矩形

concede 让步

incident 事变

sword 剑、刀

lad 男孩、小伙子

exterior 外部的、外面的;外部

elbow 肘;用肘挤

thrill 使激动、使兴奋、使毛骨悚然

flu 流行性感冒

triumph 胜利、成功;得胜、战胜

hostage 人质

pawn 典当、抵押物、人质

loaf 一条面包;游荡、闲逛

diploma 文凭、学位证书

contrast 使与……对比;和……形成对照;对照、对比

honorable 可敬的、荣誉的、光荣的

inflation 通货膨胀

substantial 实质的、真实的、坚固的、结实的

hasty 匆忙的、仓促的、草率的

interpret 解释、说明

owl 猫头鹰

denote 表示、意味着

startle 惊吓、使吃惊

inlet 水湾、小湾、进口、入口

jewellery 珠宝

lame 跛(bo,第三声)的;站不住脚的;有缺陷的

exhaust 使精疲力尽、耗尽;排气装置、废气

stiff 硬的、僵直的

pinch (一)撮、微量、紧缺、短缺

with a pinch of salt 有保留地

energy pinch 能源短缺

pants 长裤、(宽松的)便裤

remnant 残余物、零头布料、遗迹

projector 放映机、幻灯机、投影仪

torrent 激流、山洪

crisp 脆的、易碎的

dealer 商人、贩子

crook 骗子、坏蛋

tragic 悲剧的、悲痛的、不幸的

tragic incident 惨剧

zeal 热情、热忱(chen,第二声)

overlook 漏看、忽略、俯瞰、眺望

shear 剪、修剪

propaganda 宣传

cape 斗篷、披肩、海角、岬(jia,第三声)

Phrases Learnt in Middle School

add up:加起来;说得通;

add up to:合计达、总括起来;

ahead of:比……提前、比……更早;

above all:首先、尤其是;

all but:几乎;除了……都;

all in all:从各方面说、总的说来;

for all:尽管、虽然;

in all:总共、合计;

leave alone:不打扰、不惊动;

all along:始终、一直;

along with:和……一道;

one after another:一个接一个;

one another:互相;

answer for:对……负有责任;

in answer to:作为对……的回答;

anything but:绝对不;

as for/to:至于、关于;

as if/though:好像、仿佛;

right away:立刻、马上;

back and forth:来回地、反复地;

back down/off:放弃、后退;

back out:退出、撒手;食言;

back up:(使)倒退;支持;

behind sb.’s back:暗中;

turn one’s back on:轻视、不理睬;

beat down:打倒、平息;

beat up:痛打、狠揍;

become of:使遭遇、发生于;

beg off:恳求免除;

bend over backwards:竭尽全力;

beside oneself:极度兴奋;

get/have the best of:战胜;

make the best of:充分利用;

better off:境况好起来;

in between:在中间;

fill the bill:符合要求;

bit by bit:一点一点地;

do one’s own bit:做自己分内的事;

turn a blind eye (to):(对……)视而不见;

in cold blood:残忍地;

blow up:爆炸;充气;大怒;

come to blows:动手打起来;

in the same boat:处境相同;

boil down to:意味着、归结为;

boil over:沸溢;激动、发怒;

have a bone to pick with:与……争辩;

make no bones about:毫不犹豫;

pick sb.’s brains:向……请教;

rack one’s brains:绞尽脑汁;

break down:损坏;垮掉、崩溃;

break off:中断、突然停止;

break out:爆发、突然出现;逃;

break through:突围、冲破;突破;

catch one’s breath:喘息;屏息;

hold one’s breath:屏息;

out of breath:喘不过气来;

take sb.’s breath away:使惊羡不已;

under one’s breath:压着嗓子;

bring about:导致、引起;

bring around/round:说服;使恢复;

bring forth:产生、提出;

bring forward:提前;提出、提议;

bring off:使实现、做成;

bring out:出版、推出;激起;

bring through:使脱险;

bring up:养育、教养;提出;

build on/upon:把……建立于;

build up:逐步建立;增强;集结;

burn down:烧毁;火势减弱;

burn out:烧光;熄灭;

burn up:烧毁;(使)发怒;

get down to business:着手办某事;

go out of business:歇业;

have no business:无权、没有理由;

in business:经商、经营;

mind your own business:少管闲事;

on business:因公、因事;

but for:倘没有、要不是;

buy off:出钱摆脱;收买;

buy out:买下……的全部股份;

by and by:不久、迟早;

by and large:大体上、总的来说;

by the bye:顺便提一句;

call for:叫(某人)来;要求;

call in:叫……进来、召来;

call off:取消;

call on/upon:访问、拜访;号召;

call up:打电话(给);

care for:照顾;喜欢;

carry forward:推进;

carry off:拿走、夺走;

carry on:继续、进行;

carry out:实行;完成;

carry over:(使)继续下去、将……延后;

carry through:坚持下去;

in any case:无论如何;

in case:假使、以防(万一);

in case of:假如、如果发生;

in no case:无论如何不、决不;

by chance:偶然、碰巧;

by any chance:万一、也许;

take a chance:冒险、投机;

check in:登记、报到;

check out:结账离去;

clean up:清理、清除;

clear away:把……清除掉;

clear off:离开、溜掉;

clear out:把……腾空;走开、赶出;

round the clock:日夜不停地;

close by:在近旁、在旁边;

close down:关闭、歇业;

close in (on):包围、围住;

close up:堵住、关闭;

come about:发生、产生;

come across:偶然遇见、碰上;

come around/round:苏醒;顺便来访;

come out:出现;出版、发表;

come to:苏醒;结果是;涉及;

in common:共用的、共有的;

in control (of):掌握着、控制着;

out of control:失去控制;

under control:处于控制之下;

cook up:捏造、编造;

cool down/off:冷却、(使)冷静下来;

around/round the corner:临近;

cut corners:走捷径、省钱;

turn the corner:出现转机;

at all costs:不惜任何代价;

at the cost of:以……为代价;

count in:把……算入;

count on/upon:依靠、指望;

count out:逐一数出;不把……算入;

count up:算出……的总数、共计;

cover for:代替;为……打掩护;

cover up:掩盖;盖住;

take cover:隐蔽;

under cover:秘密地、暗地里;

cross off/out:划掉、勾销;

cry out for:迫切需要;

cut across:抄近路穿过、对直通过;

cut back:急忙返回;削减;

cut down:削减;砍倒;

cut in:插嘴;超车抢挡;

cut off:切断、阻断;使隔绝;

cut out:删去;戒除;

out of date:过时的、不用的;

up to date:切合目前情况的;

deep down:实际上、在心底;

take (a) delight in:以……为乐;

in depth:深入地、彻底地;

out of one’s depth:非……所能理解、为……所不及;

die away:变弱、渐渐停止;

die down:变弱、逐渐消失;

die out:灭绝;

on a diet:节食;

make a difference:有影响;

dig up:挖掘出、找出;

dish out:给予、分发;

keep at a distance:对……冷淡;

do away with:废除、去掉;

do for:毁坏、使完蛋;

do up:系;修缮;打扮;

do without:用不着、将就;

double up:弯着身子;

beyond (a) doubt:无疑地、确实地;

in doubt:不能肯定的、可怀疑的;

no doubt:很可能、无疑地;

down with:打倒、不要;

draw in:(天)渐黑;到站;

draw on:吸(烟);利用;临近;

draw up:起草;(使)停住;

dream up:凭空想出;

dress up:精心打扮;装饰;

drink in:吸入;倾听、陶醉于;

drive at:想说、打算;

drop by/in:顺便(或偶然)访问;

drop off:睡着;下车;下降、减少;

drop out:退出、退学;

dry out:(使)干透;

dry up:(使)干涸;(使)枯竭;

on earth:究竟、到底;

take it easy:别紧张、放松;

bring/carry/put into effect:实行、使生效;

in effect:实际上、实质上;

take effect:生效、起作用;

or else:否则、要不然;

no end:非常、极其;

enjoy oneself:得到乐趣、过得快活;

enter on/upon:着手做、开始;

make an example of:惩罚;

except for:除……以外;要不是由于;

make an exhibition of oneself:出洋相;

explain away:为……辩解;

catch sb.’s eye:引起某人注意;

keep an eye on:照看、留神;

see eye to  eye:看法完全一致;

face up to:勇敢地对付(或接受);

in the face of:在……面前;尽管;

fall back on:借助于、依靠;

fall behind:落后、落在……的后面;

fall for:受……的骗;迷恋;

fall out:吵架;脱落;

fall through:落空、成为泡影;

fall to:开始、着手;

as far as:到……程度、就……;

by far:最,……得多;

far from:远远不、完全不;

in so far as:到……程度;

so far:迄今为止;到某个程度;

hold fast to:坚持;

at fault:有责任、出毛病;

for fear of/that:生怕、以免;

on the fence:保持中立;

fill in:填满;填写;

fill out:填写;长胖;

find out:找出、查明、发现;

keep one’s fingers crossed:祈求成功;

first of all:首先;

fish for:摸找、搜寻;

fit in (with):符合、适应;

fix on:决定、确定;

fix up:安排、安顿、照应;

as follows:如下;

follow through:把……进行到底、完成;

follow up:追究、追查;

fool about/around:虚度光阴、闲荡;

set free:释放;

in full:全部;

make fun of:拿……开玩笑、取消;

in future:今后、从今以后;

in the future:在将来;

gain on:赶上、逼近;

give the game away:露马脚;

get across:(使)被了解、(将……)讲清楚;

get along:前进、进展;与……相处;

get by:通过;过得去;

get down:下来;使沮丧、着手做;

get off:下来;出发;结束;逃脱惩罚;

get out:退出、(使)逃脱;泄漏;生产、出版;

get over:克服;将……讲清楚;

get through:渡过;打通电话;

give away:赠送;泄露;

give in:认输、屈服;交上;

give off:发出、散发出;

give out:分发;用完;发出;

give up:放弃;(oneself)自首;

go about:着手做、忙于;

go after:追赶、追求;

go by:(时间)过去;遵守;

go down:下降、减少;沉没、落;

go over:仔细检查;复习、重做;

go through:检查;经历;被批准;

for good:永久地;

make the grade:成功;

gain ground:进展、占优势;

on (the) grounds of:根据……;

grow on:越来越被……喜爱;

grow out of:产生于;

off (one’s) guard:没有提防地;

on (one’s) guard:站岗、值班;警惕;

in the habit of:有……的习惯;

git in sb.’s hair:惹恼某人;

make sb.’s hair stand on end:使人毛骨悚然;

in half:成两半;

go halves:均摊费用;

hang about/around:闲荡、闲待着;

hang on:坚持;不挂断;取决于;

hang up:挂断(电话);悬挂;

talk through one’s hat:吹牛;

have on:穿着、戴着;

at heart:内里、本质上;

lose heart:失去勇气、丧失信心;

set one’s heart on:下决心做;

take heart:鼓起勇气、振作起来;

take … to heart:为……伤心(或烦恼等);

help oneself:自用、自取(食物等);

help out:帮助解决难题;

make history:做值得载入史册的事;

hit on/upon:忽然想出;无意中发现;

hold back:阻挡;退缩;保守;

hold down:阻止(物价等)上涨;压制;

hold off:推迟;阻止;

hold on:等一会、不挂断;握住不放;

hold out:伸出;维持;坚持(要求);

hold over:延缓、推迟;

hold up:支持;延迟;展示;抢劫;

hold with:赞成、赞同;

in a hurry:匆忙、急于;

if only:要是……多好;

be in for:一定会遭到(麻烦等);参加;

in that:因为、原因在于;

every inch:完全、彻底;

on the increase:正在增加(增长);

inside out:里面朝外;彻底地;

by itself:自动地、独自地;

in itself:本质上;

on the job:在工作、上班;

get the jump on:抢在……前面行动;

just about:差不多、几乎;

keep from:阻止、抑制;

keep up:(使)继续下去、保持;

keep up with:跟上;

kick about/around:被闲置于;到处游荡;

kick off:开始、开球;

kick up:引起、激起;

in kind:以实物(偿付);

kind of:有点儿、有几分;

of a kind:同类的;徒有其名的;

bring to one’s kness:使屈服;

knock about/around:到处游荡;

knock down:击倒;杀(价);拆除;

knock off:下班、停止;减去;

knock out:(拳击中)击倒、打昏;

know better (than):明事理;

at large:自由地;总的;充分地;

by and large:大体上、总的来说;

at the latest:最迟;

of late:近来、最近;

later on:以后、后来;

laugh at:因……而笑;嘲笑;

lay aside:把……搁置一旁;留存;

lay down:放下、交出;规定;

lay off:(暂时)解雇;停止做;

lay out:摆出、展开;安排、设计;

lay over:作短暂停留;

least of all:最不、尤其;

not in the least:丝毫不、一点不;

at length:详细地;最终、终于;

lose oneself in:专心致志于;

at a loss:困惑、不知所措;

(be) made up of:由……组成;

make up:捏造;组成;(为……)化妆;补充;和解;

make up for:补偿;

mix up:混淆、弄混、弄乱;

neither … nor:(既不)不……也不;

every other:每隔一个的;

none other than:不同于;除了;

other than:不同于;除了;

come into one’s own:显示自身特点;

hold one’s own:独自;独立地;

pick out:挑出、选出;辨认出;

pick up:拿起;获得;好转;继续;

pull apart:把……拉开(或拆开);

pull in:(车)进站、(船)到岸;

pull out:拔出;(使)摆脱困境;

pull over:把(车)驶到(或驶向)路边;

put off:推迟;阻止;

put out:熄灭;出版;伸出;生产;

put up with:容忍、忍受;

rather than:与其……倒不如;

sail through:顺利通过;

set sail:启航;

for sale:代售、供出售;

on sale:出售、廉价出售;

all the same:都一样;尽管如此;

go without saying:不言而喻;

to say nothing of:更不用说、何况;

behind the scenes:在幕后;

a sea of:大量、茫茫一片;

at sea:在海上;茫然;

second to none:最好的;

see about:办理、安排;

see off:为……送行;

see out:坚持到……的终了、完成;

see through:看透、识破;

see to:注意、照料;

see (to it) that:一定注意到;

seeing (that):鉴于、由于;

seize on/upon:利用;

sell off:廉价出售(存货);

sell up:卖掉(全部家产等);

send away:把……打发走;

send for:派人去请、召唤;函购、函索;

send in:递送、呈报、提交;

send out:发送(信函、货物等);发出;

in a sense:从某种意义上说;

make sense:讲得通、有意义、言之有理;

set about:开始、着手;

set aside:留出、拨出;不理会;

set down:写下、记下;

set off:出发;激起;

set out:动身;开始;阐明;

set up:创立、为……作好准备;开业;

shake down:敲诈;彻底搜查;

shake off:抖落;摆脱;

shade in/into:逐渐变成;

in (good) shape:处于(良好)状况;

shape up:发展顺利、表现良好;

on the shelf:被搁置;

cut short:中断、打断;

for short:缩写、简称;

in short:简而言之、总之;

like a shot:立即、飞快地;

show off:炫耀、卖弄;

show up:暴露;露面;

shut down:(使)关闭、(使)停工;

shut off:切断(水、电等)、关掉;

shut up:住口;监禁;

on the side:作为兼职;暗地里;

side by side:肩并肩;

in sight:看得见;在望;

sign in:(使)签到、(使)登记;

sign off:停止播送、结束;

sign on/up:签约雇佣;签约受雇;

sink in:被理解、被理会;

sit back:在一旁闲着、袖手旁观;

sit in on:列席(会议)、旁听;

sit out/through:耐着性子看完;

sit up:坐直;熬夜;

size up:估计、判断;

slow down/up:(使)减速;

ever so:非常、极其;

so as to:为了、以便;

speak for:代表……讲话、为……辩护;表明;

speak out/up:大声地说、大胆地说;

speed up:(使)加快速度;

spell out:详细地说明;

spread out:(人群等)散开;伸展;

stand for:是……的缩写、代表;

stand out:清晰地显出、引人注目;

stand up for:支持、维护、保卫;

stand up to:抵抗;经得起;

start off:出发;(使)开始从事;

start on:开始进行、着手处置;

start out:出发;本来想要;

start up:创办;开动、发动;

steam up:(使)蒙上水汽;

out of step:不合拍、不协调;

step by step:逐步地;

step in:介入、开始参与;

stick to:黏贴在……上;紧随;忠于;

stick together:团结一致、互相支持;

stick up for:支持、为……辩护;

stick with:紧随;继续从事;

stop by:(顺便)过访、串门;

in store:贮藏着;必将到来;

as such:就其本身而论;

make sure:查明、弄确实;务必;

take in:接受;包括;领会;

take off:脱下;起飞;匆匆离开;

take over:接收;承袭、借用;

but then:但另一方面、然而;

think up:想出、设计出;

throw away:扔掉;错过、浪费;

throw in:外加、额外奉送;

throw off:摆脱掉;

throw off:扔掉;撵走;

throw up:呕吐;

at no time:从不、决不;

at one time:曾经、一度;

at times:有时、间或;

from time to time:有时、不时;

in no time:立即、马上;

in time:及时;

on time:准时;

take one’s time:不着急、不慌忙;

by turns:轮流地、交替地;

in turn:轮流地;转而;

turn away:回绝;

turn back:(使)折回;

turn down:关小、调低;拒绝;

turn off:关、关掉;

turn on:接通、打开;

turn out:关掉;制造;驱逐;

turn over:翻倒;仔细考虑;移交;

turn to:求助于;查阅;

turn up:开大、调大;出现;

up against:面临(问题、困难等);

up to:胜任……的;取决于……的;直到;

in view of:鉴于、考虑到;

in the wake of:随着……而来;

wake (up) to:认识到、意识到;

all the way:一直、完全;

by way of:经过;通过……的方法;

in no way:决不;

in the/sb.’s way:挡(某人)道;

make one’s way:去、行进;

make way:让路;

out of the way:被处理好;偏远的;

under way:在进行中;

work at/on:从事于、致力于;

work out:算出;理解;解决;

tire out:使疲劳不堪;

The tragedy of life is not so much what men suffer, but what they miss. 生活的悲剧不在于人们受到多少苦,而在于人们错过了什么。

Words Learnt in Middle School

a、able、about、above、accept、across、actor、actress、actual、add、adjective、adverb;

advice、advise、affair、after、afternoon、again、against、ago、agree、agreement、ahead、alive、all、almost、alone、along、aloud、already、also、although、altogether、always、among、and、anger;

angry、animal、announce、another、answer、ant、any、anybody、anyone、anything、anywhere、apple、April、area、army、around、arrive、art、artist、as、ask、asleep、at、attention、August;

aunt、autumn、awake、away、baby、back、bag、ball、banana、bank、base、basic、basin(盆;菜盆、汤盆;一盆的容量;水洼、水池)、basket、basketball、bath、bathroom、be、beach、beat、beautiful、beauty、because、become、bed;

bee、beef、beer、before、beg、begin、beginning、behind、believe、bell、below、bench、bend、beside、best、better、between、bicycle、big、bike、bill、bird、birth、birthday、biscuit;

bit、bite、bitter、black、blackboard、blame、blind、blood、blouse、blow、boat、boil、bomb、bone、born、borrow、both、bottom、bowl、boy、brain、bread、break、breakfast;

breath、breathe、bright、bring、broad、broadcast、brother、brown、brush、build、building、burn、bury、bus、bush(灌木;灌木丛、矮树丛;(澳洲或非洲)未开垦丛林地)、business、busy、but、butter(黄油、奉承话)、buy、by、cab、cafe、cage、cake;

call、camera、camp、candle、cap、captain、car、card、care、careful、careless、carry、case、castle、cat、cause、cave(洞穴;山洞窑洞;地窖)、ceiling、cent、central、centre、century、certain、certainly、chain;

chairman、chalk、chance、chat、check、cheek、cheer、cheese、chemistry、cheque、chess、chicken、child、chimney(烟囱)、chocolate、choice、choose、Christmas、church、cinema、circle、citizen、city、classmate、classroom;

clean、clear、clever、climb、clinic、clock、close、cloth、clothes、clothing、cloud、cloudy、club、coal、coast(海岸;沿海地区)、cock(公鸡、雄鸡;龙头;阀门)、coffee、cold、collar、college、color、come、comfort、comfortable、common;

Communism(共产主义;共产主义制度)、Communist(共产党员的)、complete、computer、consider、continue、control、cook、cool、copy、corn、corner、cost、cottage(小屋;村舍)、cotton(棉树、棉株;棉花;棉纱、棉布;棉线)、cough、could、count、country、countryside、couple、courage、cousin、cover、cow;

crazy、cream(奶油;乳脂;奶油食品)、cross、cruel、cry、cup、cut、damage、dance、danger、dangerous、dare、dark、darling、date、daughter、dawn、day、dead、dear、death、December、decide、decision、deep;

deer(鹿)、defence、defend、delay、delilght、depend、depth、desk、destroy、develop、development、dial、dialog、diamond、diary、dictionary、die、diet、difference、different、difficult、difficulty、dig、dinner、direct;

direction、director、dirty、disappoint、discover、discovery、discuss、discussion、dish、disk(disc)、dislike、distance、distant、district、do、doctor(医生)、dog、doll、dollar、door、double、doubt、down、downstairs、dozen;

draw、drawing、dream、dress、drink、drive、driver、drop、drown、drug、dry、duck、during、dust、each、eager、earn、earth、east、eastern、easy、eat、edit;

education、effect、egg、eight、eighteen、eighth、eighty、either、elder、elephant、eleven、else、email、empty、end、enemy、energy、engineer、enjoy、enough、enter、entrance、envelope、equal、equipment;

escape、especially、evening、eventually、ever、every、everybody、everyday、everyone、everything、everywhere、exam、examination、examine、example、excellent、except、exciting、excuse、exercise、exhibition、exist、expect、expensive、experience;

experiment、explain、explanation、eye、face、fact、factory、fall、false、family、famous、far、farm、farmer、farther、fault、fear、February、feed、feel、feeling、fellow;

fence、fetch、fever、few、field、fifteen、fifth、fifty、fight、fill、final、find、finger、finish、first、fish、fist(拳头)、fit、five、fix、flag、flight、floor、flower、follow;

fond、food、fool、foolish、foot、football、for、foreign、foreigner、forest、forever、forget、forgive、fork、form、fortunate、forty、forward、found、four、fourteen、fox、free、freedom、freeze;

fresh、Friday、fridge、friend、friendly、friendship、frighten、from、front、fruit、full、fun、funny、further、future、gain、game、garden、gas、gate、gather、generation、gentle、gentleman、geography;

get、girl、give、glad、glass、go、goat(山羊)、God、gold、good、goodbye、goose(鹅;鹅肉)、government、grade、grandfather、grandmother、grass、gray、great、greet、greeting、grey、ground、group;

grow、guard、guess、guest、guide、gun、habit、hair、half、hall(礼堂、大厅;门厅、走廊)、ham(火腿;火腿肉)、handkerchief(手绢)、hang、happy、hard、hardly、harvest、hat、hate、have、he、headache、headmaster、health、healthy;

heart、heat、heaven、height、hello、help、her、here、hers、herself、hi、hide、high、hill、him、himself、his、history、hit、hold、hole、holiday、home、homework、honest;

honour、hope、horse、hospital、host、hotel、hour、housewife、housework、how、however、huge、human、hundred、hunger、hungry、hurry、hurt、husband、I、ice-cream、idea、if、ill、illness;

imagine、importance、important、impossible、in、inch、income、increase、indeed、information、ink、inside、interesting、international、Internet、into、introduce、invite、island、it、its、itself、jacket、January、job;

join、joke、joy、judge、juice、July、jump、June、just、keep、key、kick、kilogram、kilometer、kind、king、kiss、kitchen、kite、knee、knife、knock、know、lab、labour;

lack、ladder、lady、lake、lamp、land、language、large、late、lately、laugh、law、lawyer(律师)、lay、lazy、leaf、league(同盟、联盟;社团;协会)、learn、least、leave、lecture、left、leg、lend;

length、less、lesson、let、level、lie、life、lifetime、light、like、limit、line、lion、lip、list、listen、little、lively、living、load、lock、look、lose、loss、loud;

love、lovely、low、luck、lunch、machine、magazine、mail、mailbox、main、make、man、many、map、march(使前进、使行进;行进、前进)、maths、matter、May、maybe、me、meal、meat、medical、medicine、meet;

meeting、member、memory、message、metal、meter、method、metre、midday(中午、正午)、middle、midnight、mile、milk、million、mind、miss、mistake、mister(先生)、mix、mode、model、modern、moment、Monday、money;

monkey、month、monthly、more、morning、most、mostly、mother、mountain、mouse、mouth、move、movie、much、music、musical、must、my、myself、nail、name、narrow、nation、national、native;

natural、near、nearly、neat、necessary、neck、need、needle、neighbour、neither、nervous、net、never、new、news、newspaper、nice、night、nine、nineteen、ninth、no、noble(高尚的、崇高的;雄伟的、华美的;高贵的、贵族的)、nobody;

nod、noise、noisy、none、noodle、noon、nor、north、northeast、northern、northwest、nose、not、note、nothing、notice、noun、November、now、nowadays、number、nut(螺帽、螺母;疯子、怪人;头、脑袋)、ocean、o’clock、October;

of、off、office、officer、often、oil、okay、old、on、once、one、oneself、only、onto、open、operate、operation、opinion、opposite、or、orange、ordinary、other、otherwise、ought;

our、ours、ourselves、out、outdoors、over、overcoat、own、ox、page、pain、paint、painting、pair、palace(宫殿、皇宫;辉煌雄伟的建筑;娱乐用的大厦)、pale(苍白的;浅的;浅色的;暗淡的;软弱的、无力的)、pan、pardon(请再说一遍)、parent、particular、partly、party、pass、passage、passenger;

past、path、pause、pay、peace、peaceful、peach、pear(梨、梨树)、peasant(农民、农夫;乡下人;没有教养的人)、pen、pencil、penny、people、percent、perfect;

perhaps、person、personal、pet、phone、photo、photograph、phrase、piano、pick、picnic(郊游野餐)、picture、pie、pig、pile(一堆)、pink、pity、place、plan、playground、pleasant、pleasure、plenty、plough(犁);

pocket、point、police、policeman、polite、political、poor、pop、popular、population、pork、port、position、possible、possibly、postcard(明信片)、poster(海报、招贴(画);标语牌、布告)、postman、pot(壶)、potato、practical、practice、practise、praise、prefer;

prepare、price、prince(王子、亲王;君主、贵族;有权势的人)、princess(公主;王妃;贵妇人)、print、prison、prisoner(犯人、囚犯)、probably、problem、produce、production、professor、progress、promise、pronunciation、proper、protect、proud、pub(酒馆)、public、pull、punish、pure、push、put;

qualilty、quantity、quarrel(争论、争辩;争吵、口角)、quarter、queen、question、quick、quiet、quite、rabbit、radio、rain、raincoat、rainy、raise、rather、ray、reach、read、reader、reading、ready、real、realize、really;

recent、record、red、reduce、refuse、regret、regular、relation、remember、remove、repair、repeat、reply、report、republic、research、restaurant、return、rice、rich、ride、right、ring、rise、river;

road、robot、roll(滚动)、roof(房顶;顶部)、root、rose、round、rubber(橡胶;合成橡胶)、rubbish、rule、ruler、run、sad、safety、sail、sale、salt、same、sand、satisfy、Saturday、saw、say、scene、science;

scientist、sea、search、seat、second、secret、secretary、see、seed、seek、seem、seize(抓住;掌握、理解、领会)、seldom(很少、不常、难得)、self、sell、send、sense、separate、September、serious、servant、service、set、seven、seventeen;

seventy、several、sex、shade、shadow、shake、shall、shame、shape、she、sheep、sheet、shelf、shine、ship、shirt、shock、shoe、shop、shore(海岸、海滨)、short、shot、should、show;

shower、shut、shy、sick、side、sight、sign、silent、silk、silver、simple、simply、since、sing、sink、sir、sister、sit、situation、six、sixteen、sixty、size、skate(冰刀;溜冰鞋);

ski(滑雪板;雪橇)、skill、skin、sky、slave(奴隶;受他人(或习惯)控制的人)、sleep、slow、small、smart、smell、smile、smoke、snake、snow、so、soap(肥皂;肥皂剧)、soccer(英式足球)、sock、sofa、soft、soldier、solid、some、somebody、someone;

something、sometime、sometimes、somewhere、son、song、soon、sorry、soul、soup、south、southeast、southern、southwest、space、speak、speaker、special、speech、speed、spell、spend、spirit(精神;心灵)、spoon(匙、调羹)、sport;

sportsman(运动员;爱好运动的人;具有体育运动道德的人)、spread、square、stair(楼梯; (楼梯的) 一级)、stand、standard、star、start、state、station、stay、steak(牛排; 肉排; 鱼排; 碎牛肉;)、steal、steam、steel、step、stick、still、stone、stop、store、storey、storm、story、straight;

strange、stranger、street、strength、strict、strike、strong、struggle、study、stupid、style、success、successful、such、sudden、sugar、suitable、suitcase、summer、sum、Sunday、super、supermarket、supper、sure;

surface、surprise、sweater(针织套衫;运动衫;毛衣)、sweep(扫;掸;打扫)、swim、tail、tailor、take、tale、talk、tall、tape、task、taste、taxi、tea、teach、teacher、team、technical、telegram(电报)、telephone、television、temperature;

ten、tennis(网球(运动))、tent(帐篷)、term、test、text、textbook、than、thank、that、the、theatre(戏院;剧院)、their、theirs、them、themselves、then、there、these、they、thief、thin、thing、think、third;

thirst、thirteen、thirty、this、those、though、thought、thousand、three、through、throughout、throw、Thursday、thus、tie、tiger、tight、till、time、tin、tiny、tire、to、tobacco(烟草;烟叶)、today;

toe、together、toilet、tomato、tomorrow、ton、tongue、tonight、too、tool、tooth、total、touch、tourist、toward(s)、town、toy、track、trade、traffic、train、training、translate、travel;

tree、trick、trip、trouble、trousers、truck(卡车;载货汽车;手推车;手摇车)、true、trust、truth、Tuesday、turn、twelfth、twelve、twentieth、twenty、twice、twin、two、type、uncle、under、understand、university、unitl、up;

upon、upstairs、upward、us、use、used、useful、useless、user、usual、usually、valley、valuable、vegetable、verb、very、victory、view、village、visit、visitor、voice、volleyball、wait、waiter;

wake、walk、wall、war、warm、warn、wash、waste、watch、wave、way、we、weak、weakness、wear、weather、wedding、Wednesday、week、weekday、weekend、weigh、weight、welcome、west;

western、wet、what、whatever、wheat、wheel、when、whenever、where、wherever、whether、which、while、white、who、whole、whom、whose、why、wide、wife、wild、will、willing、win;

window、wine、wing、winter、wipe、wire、wise、wish、with、within、without、woman、wonder、wonderful、wood、wooden、word、work、worker、worry、worse、worst、worth、write、wrong;

yard、year、yellow、yes、yesterday、yet、you、young、your、yours、yourself、zero、zoo。

Word List outside Scope of CET-4

abundance:大量、丰富、充足;

accommodate:容纳、向……提供住处(或膳食);使适应;

aisle:过道、通道;

ambitious:有抱负的、雄心勃勃的;

applaud:向……鼓掌、向……喝彩;称赞、赞许;

appraisal:估计、估量;评价;

auction:拍卖;

aviation:航空、航空学;飞机制造业;

bachelor:单身汉;学士、学士学位;

baffle:使困惑、难住;

ballet:芭蕾舞、芭蕾舞剧;芭蕾舞团;

beforehand:预先、事先;

blockade:封锁、道路阻塞;障碍物、阻碍物;

breakthrough:突破、突破性进展;重要的新发现;

briefcase:公文包、公事包;

brutal:野兽般的、残忍的;无情的、冷酷的;难以忍受的;

calorie:大卡(食物的热量值);卡(路里);

casualty:伤亡人员、受害人;损失的东西;

census:人口普查、统计;

chronic:(疾病)慢性的;长期的、不断的、不止息的;积习难改的;

chronological:按年代顺序排序的;

cling:紧紧抓住(或抱住);黏着、依附;依恋;坚持;

cognitive:认知的、认识能力的;

commonplace:普通的、平庸的;寻常的事物、平庸的东西;

compensate:补偿、弥补;抵消;

concise:简明的、扼要的;

conform:遵守、适应;相似;一致、符合;

consequent:作为结果(或后果)的、随之发生的;

console:安慰、慰问;控制台、操纵台;

continuity:连续(性)、持续(性);

cooperative:合作的、协作的;合作商店(或企业等);

corporate:法人团体的、公司的;全体的;共同的;

costume:服装;戏装、(特定场合穿得)成套服装;

courtesy:谦恭有礼、有礼貌的举止(或言词);

coverage:新闻报道;覆盖范围;

creation:创造、创建;(智力、想象力的)产物;宇宙、天地万物;

cumulative:积累的;渐增的;

deadly:致命的;极度的;非常、极度地;

decisive:决定性的;坚定的、果断的;

defiance:违抗、藐视;

deficiency:不足;缺点、缺陷;

destructive:破坏(性)的、毁灭(性)的;

diligent:勤勉的、勤奋的;

disastrous:灾难性的、造成灾害的;极坏的;

distract:转移注意力、分散;迷惑、扰乱;

divine:神的、神授的、天赐的;极好的、极美的;

dock:码头、船埠;(法庭的)被告席;使(船)靠码头;扣(工资等);

donate:捐赠、赠送;

donate sth. to sb./sth.:将某物赠与某人或某事物;

endurance:忍耐力;持久(力)、耐久(性);

energetic:精力充沛的、充满活力的;

enrich:充实、使丰富;使富裕;

enthusiastic:满腔热情的、热心的;极感兴趣的;

erosion:腐蚀、侵蚀;磨损;消弱、减少;

eternal:永久的、永世的;无休止的、没完没了的;永恒的、永不改变的;

ethnic:种族的、民族的;

expedition:(为特定目的而组织的)旅行、远征;远征队、探险队;迅速;

fake:【常pl.】(房屋内的)设备、日用器具;配件;试穿;适合的;

flaw:缺点、瑕疵、缺陷;

foster:收养;养育、培养;促进;收养的、收养孩子的;

grim:讨厌的、糟糕的;严厉的;冷酷的、无情的;

guidepost:路标、路牌;

heighten:提高、升高;加速;

heir:继承人;

heritage:遗产、继承物;传统;

hum:哼曲子、发嗡嗡声;嗡嗡声、嘈杂声;

humanity:【总称】人类、人性、人道;博爱;【pl.】人文学科;

hurricane:飓风;

iceberg:冰山;

identification:认出、鉴定;身份证;认同;

ignition:点火、点燃;

illusion:幻想、错觉、幻觉、假象;

imaginative:富于想象力的、爱想象的;

imitation:模仿;仿制品、伪制品;赝品;

imperative:必要的、紧急的;命令的;必须完成的事、必要的事;祈使语气(的动词);

indicative:指示的;陈述的;

induce:诱导、引起;导致;

inland:内陆的、内地的;在内地、向内地;

instrumental:有帮助的;用乐器演奏的;

interact:相互作用、相互影响;互相配合;

invariably:不变地、总是;

irrigation:灌溉;冲洗法;

likelihood:可能、可能性;

literacy:识字、有文化、读写能力;

locality:地点、位置;

lounge:(懒洋洋地)倚或躺、闲逛;等候室、休息室;

memoir:论文集;

memorize:记住、熟记;

monetary:钱的、货币的;金融的;

monopoly:垄断;垄断商品、专卖商品;

morality:道德、品行;道德观、道德规范;

muscular:肌肉发达的、强壮的;

notwithstanding:尽管;

nurture:养育、培育;滋养;

nutritious:有营养的、滋养的;

olive:橄榄、橄榄树;

optimum:最合适的、最优的、最佳的;

paperback:平装本、简装本;

pedestrian:步行者、行人;

permissible:可允许的、许可的;

pest:有害生物、害虫;讨厌的人;

physiological:生理的、生理学的;

plague:瘟疫、鼠疫;灾难;使痛苦(或难受);

preach:宣讲(教义)、布(道);竭力鼓吹、宣传;

premature:比预期(或正常)时间早的、(做法等)不成熟的;

prescription:处方、药方、(医生开的)药;

prestige:威信、威望;

prevalent:流行的、普遍地;

productive:多产的、富饶的;富有成效的;

productivity:生产力、生产率;

profess:表示、承认;宣称信仰;

profitable:有利可图的、有益的;

profound:深度的、深远的、深奥的;知识渊博的;

prophecy:语言、预言能力;

prospective:预期的、未来的;可能的;

pumpkin:南瓜;

purity:纯净、纯洁、纯正;

pursuit:追求、寻求;追赶;【常pl.】嗜好、消遣;

quest:寻找、搜索、追求;

random:任意的、随机的;

rap:(轻而快地)敲击、急敲;突然厉声说出;责备;(轻快的)敲击(声);

recite:背诵、朗诵;列举;

reconcile:使协调、使和解;使顺从(于)、使甘心(于);

recycle:回收利用(废物等);

referee:裁判员、证明人、推荐人、调解者;当裁判;

relay:接力赛;转播(设备);传送;转播;

repertoire:(剧团、演员等的)全部节目、保留剧目;

residential:居住的、住宅的;(学生)寄宿的;

reunion:重聚、团聚;(久别后的)聚会、联谊活动;

revelation:被揭示的真相、(惊人的)新发现;提示;透露;显示;

revenge:报复、报仇;为……报仇、报……之仇;

revolve:旋转;

scrutiny:详细检查、仔细观察;

seemingly:表面上、看上去;

silicon:硅;

slogan:标语、口号、广告语;

smuggle:走私;偷运、偷带;

snack:快餐、小吃、点心;

snack bar:快餐店;

solitary:单独的、唯一的;孤独的、隐居的;

stability:稳定、稳固;

stationary:固定的、静止不动的;

stereo:立体声的;立体声(装置);

stern:严厉的、严峻的;船尾;

subjective:主观(上)的、个人的;

subordinate:下级的;次要的;部属;使从属于;

sue:控告、起诉;要求、请求;

telecommunication:【常pl.】通信、电信(学);

thereafter:之后、以后;

tile:瓦、瓷砖;铺瓦于、贴瓷砖于;

timely:及时的、适时的;

token:筹码、信物、标志;纪念品;代金券;象征性的;

tolerant:宽容的、容忍的;

toll:过路费;伤亡人数、损失;敲(钟);

tract:传单、小册子;大片(土地或森林);

transient:短暂的、转瞬即逝的;临时的、暂住的;

transition:过渡、转变;

tuition:(某一学科的)教学、指导;学费;

unemployment:实业、失业人数;

unify:使联合、使统一;使相同、使一致;

upbringing:抚育、教养;

versus:以……为对手、对;与……相比之下;

vicious:邪恶的、凶残的;

vigor:精力、活力;

vita:个人简历;

vocal:直言不讳的;嗓音的、发声的;【常pl.】声乐节目;

vulnerable:易受伤的、脆弱的;难防御的;

wallet:皮夹子;

wardrobe:衣柜、(个人的)全部衣物;

warfare:战争(状态);斗争、冲突;

wrinkle:皱纹;起皱;皱眉;

Character cannot be developed in ease and quiet. Only throuogh experience of trial and suffering can the soul be strengthened, vision cleared, ambition inspired, and success achieved. 要使性格有所发展并非简单之事,只有通过艰难和困苦的磨练才能使心灵强化,视野开阔,雄心振奋,从而达到成功的目的。

CET-4: Word List 35

influence:影响力、势力;产生影响力的人;影响;

document:公文、文件、证件;用文件等证明、记载;

worthy:有价值的、值得的;

be worthy of:值得……、配得上的;

worthy to do:值得做……;

dot:点、圆点;打点于;

heading:标题、题词、题名;【pl.】新闻提要;

naval:海军的;

oxygen:氧、氧气;

roar:吼叫、怒号、咆哮;轰鸣;大声喊出、大声表示;呐喊声、咆哮声、吼叫声;轰鸣;

fluent:流利的、流畅的;

poet:诗人;

gym:体育馆、健身馆;

resign:辞职;辞去、放弃;使顺从;

wrap:裹、包、捆;披肩;

sexual:性的、两性的;性别的;

endless:无止境的;

occupation:占领、占据;职业;(人)从事的活动、消遣;

extra:额外的、特别的;特别地;额外的事物、额外费用;

intensive:加强的;集中的;

candidate:候选人、投考者、申请求职者;

wreck:失事、残骸;精神或身体已垮的人;破坏;

aboard:在船(车)上、上船(飞机);

festival:节日、音乐节;

single:单一的、独身的;单程的;单程票;【pl.】(网球等的)单打;选出;

single out:选出、挑出;

federal:联邦的、联盟的;

microscope:显微镜;

classical:古典的;经典的;

attach:缚、系、贴、附加;使依恋、使喜爱;使附属;认为有(重要性、责任等);

attach to:使依恋、把……放在;

be attached to:附属于、喜爱;

zone:地区、区域、范围;

deaf:聋的;不愿听的;

spoil:损坏、糟蹋;宠坏、溺爱;(食物)变质;战利品、掠夺物;

wrist:腕、腕关节;

accuracy:准确(性)、精确(性);

invisible:看不见的、无形的;

association:协会、团体;联合、交往;

writer:作者、作家、文学家;

writing:书写、写;著作;

X-ray:X射线、X光;

civilian:平民、百姓;

gaol:同jail,监狱;

hire:租用、雇用(佣);

confuse:使困惑、把……弄糊涂;混淆、把……混同;混乱、搞乱;

garbage:垃圾、废物;废话;无用(或不正确)的资料;

overtake:追上、超过;突然降临于、意外地碰上;

gravity:重力、引力;严重性;严肃、庄重;

yawn:打哈欠;哈欠;

sideways:从一边(的)、向一边(的);在一边(的);斜着(的)、侧身(的);

bundle:捆、包、束;包袱;收集、归拢、把……塞入;

bundle up:把……捆扎(或包)起来、使穿得暖和;

bundle into:把……塞进;

leather:皮革、皮革制品;

concentration:集中;专注、专心;

concentration camp:集中营;

elegant:优美的、文雅的、讲究的;简练的、简洁的;

spray:浪花、水花;喷雾;喷、(使)溅散;

yearly:每年的;一年一度地;

funeral:葬礼、丧礼、丧葬;

acute:严重的;急性的;灵敏的、敏锐的;精明的;

ghost:鬼、灵魂、鬼魂;

halt:停止;停住;

complex:由许多部分组成的、复合的;复杂的、难懂的;综合体、集合体;情结、夸大的情绪反应;

coarse:粗的、粗糙的;粗劣的;粗俗的;

patch:补丁;斑、与周围不同的部分;一小块地;补、修补;

patch up:解决(争吵、麻烦等);修补、草草修理;

favourite:特别喜爱的;特别喜爱的人(或物);

rust:铁锈;(使)生锈、氧化;

await:等候、期待;将降临到……身上;

acquire:取得、获得、学到;

acquire the skills:掌握技能;

prejudice:偏见、成见;使有偏见;对……不利、损害;

without prejudice (to):(对……)没有不利、无损(于);

yield:出产;让出、放弃;屈服、顺从;倒塌、垮掉;产量;

yield to:屈服、让步;

bolt:螺栓、插销;闩门;

generate:发生、引起;生殖;

gallery:画廊、美术馆;楼座、(议会等的)旁听席;廊台、走廊;

existence:存在、实在、生存;

percentage:百分比、百分率;

specific:特有的、具体的;明确地;【pl.】详情、细节;

youngster:青年、年轻人、孩子;

The people who get on in this world are the people who get up and look for circumstances they want, and if they cannot find them, they make them. 在这个世界上,取得成功的人是那些努力寻找他们想要机会的人,如果找不到机会,他们就去创造机会。

CET-4: Word List 34

jewel:宝石、宝石饰物;

determination:决心、决定;确定;

preliminary:预备的、初步的;【常pl.】初步做法、起始行为;

withstand:抵挡、反抗;

insect:昆虫、虫;

civil:公民的、文职的;民用的、民事的、民法的;文明的;

scrape:刮、擦;刮、擦、刮擦声;

scrape by/through:勉强通过;

scrape together/up:费力地获得;

blast:爆炸、冲击波;一阵(疾风等);炸;

witness:证据;目击者、证人;目击;为……作证、证明;

melt:(使)融化;(使)溶化;(使)消散;

scream:尖叫、呼啸;尖叫声;

hopeless:没有希望的、绝望的;

wolf:狼;

sacrifice:牺牲、舍身;献祭、供奉;祭品;

forge:打制、锻造;伪造;

lover:爱好者、情人;

connection:联系、(因果)关系;连接(部分)、衔接、连贯性;【pl.】熟人、关系(户);

in connection with:关于、与……有关系;

make a connection with sb.:与某人建立联系;

have a connection with:与……有关系;

possession:有、所有;【pl.】所有物;

wool:羊毛;毛线、绒线;

identical:完全相同的、同一的;

identical to/with:相同的、相等的;与……一样;

preceding:在前的、在先的、前面的;

workshop:车间、工场、创作室;研讨会、讲习班;

entry:入口处、登记、进入;参赛者名单;条目;

digest:消化、领会;文摘;

rate:速度、进度;比率、率;价格、费;对……估价、评估;给……定级、把……列为;值得、应得;被评价、被列入特定级别;

at any rate:无论如何、至少;

at this rate:照这种情形、既然这样;

at a rate of:以……的速度;

define:给……下定义、限定;

fulfill:履行、实现、完成;满足、使满意;

generous:慷慨的、宽厚的;大量的;

owner:物主、所有人;

passive:被动的、消极的;

chaos:混乱、紊乱;

workman:工人、劳动者、工匠;

motive:动机、目的;

attract:吸引、引起……注意;

revise:修订、修改;复习;

senate:参议院、上院;

observe:注意到、观察;评说;遵守;

alcohol:酒精、乙醇;

settlement:解决、协议;居留地;

radar:雷达;

gum:口香糖、树胶;

chewing gum:口香糖;

worm:虫、蠕虫;

grip:握紧、抓牢;吸引住……的注意力;紧握;

come/get to grips:(认真)对付(或处理);

optimistic:乐观的、乐观主义的;

nature:大自然;本性;性质;

brilliant:光辉的、卓越的;

worldwide:遍及全球的;

inferior:下等的、劣等的;下级、下属;

audio:听觉的、声音的;

circulate:(使)循环、(使)流通;(使)流转、散步、传播;

abandon:离弃、丢弃;遗弃、抛弃;放弃;放任;狂热;

abandon oneself to:纵情于、沉溺于;

with abandon:放纵地、放任地;纵情地;

assist:援助、帮助、协助;

pattern:型、式样、模、模型;仿制、使照……的样子;

worship:礼拜、崇拜;信奉;崇拜;

fleet:舰队、船队;

mixture:混合、混合物;

currency:通货、货币;通行、流行;

foreign currency:外币;

outlet:出口、出路;(感情、精力等)发泄途径(或方法);

facility:【pl.】设备;容易、便利;

attorney:律师、(业务或法律事务上的)代理人;

regulate:管理、控制;调整;调节;

intend:想要、打算、意指;打算使(成为);

intend … for …:(为……)准备、打算使……成为;

intend to do/doing sth.:打算;

brick:砖、砖块、砖状物;

measure:量、测量;度量、衡量;尺寸;量具、计量单位;量度、测量;【常pl.】措施、办法;

beyond measure:无法估计、极度;

measure to:合格、符合标准;

claw:爪、脚爪、螯;(用爪)抓、撕;

rat:鼠;

feasible:可行的、可能的;

parcel:包裹、小包、邮宝;打包;

parcel out:分、分配;

worthless:无价值的、无用的;

leap:跳、跃;跳跃;骤变;

by/in leaps and bounds:极其迅速地;

leap at sth.:迫不及待地接受某事物;

horizon:地平线;【pl.】眼界、见识;

socialism:社会主义;

You never know what you can do till youu try. 除非你亲自尝试一下,否则你永远不知道你能做什么。

CET-4: Word List 33

competitive:竞争的、比赛的;好竞争的、求胜心切的;(价格等)有竞争力的;

destruction:破坏、毁灭、消灭;

application:申请、申请书;施用、涂抹;应用、实施;实用性;

impatient:不耐烦地、急躁的;

logic:逻辑、推理、逻辑性;

negotiate:洽谈、协商、谈判;顺利通过、成功越过;

germ:微生物、细菌;幼芽;

whisper:低声讲;低语;

withdraw:收回、撤回;撤退;

aspect:方面;(建筑物的)朝向、方向;样子、外表;

require:需要;要求、命令;

beam:梁、横梁;束、柱;笑容、喜色;面露喜色;定向发出(无线电信号灯)、播送;

smash:(使)粉碎、(使)打烂;狠打、猛击;使破灭、使失败;猛撞、猛冲;破碎(声);猛击、猛撞;轰动的演出、巨大的成功;

responsible:需负责任的、承担责任的;有责任感的、可靠的;责任重大的、重要的;

accompany:陪伴、陪同、伴随;为……伴奏(或伴唱);

affection:感情;爱、爱慕;

detail:细节、枝节、零件;详细说明;

in detail:详细地;

go into detail:详细叙述、逐一说明;

commercial:商业的、商务的;商品化的、商业性的;

efficiency:效率;功率、效能;

organization:组织、团体、机构;

whistle:口哨;呼啸而过;吹口哨、鸣笛声;呼啸而过;

injury:损害、伤害、受伤处;

refugee:难民;

embarrass:使窘迫、使为难;

province:省;领域、范围;

collective:机体的、集合性的;团体、集体;

ruin:毁灭;【pl.】废墟;(使)毁坏;

in ruins:成废墟;

resist:抵抗、反抗、抵制;抗(病等)、耐(热等);忍住、拒受……的影响;

genius:天才、天赋、天资;天才人物;

quotation:引文、引语、语录;报价、牌价、行情;

hut:小屋、棚屋;

community:社区、社会、公社;团体、界;(动植物的)群落;

isolate:使隔离、使孤立;

whoever:谁;无论谁、不管谁;究竟是谁;

snap:(使)咔嚓折断、(使)啪地绷断;(使)吧嗒一声(关上或打开);猛咬;厉声说话、怒声责骂;吧嗒声;快照;仓促的、突然的;

snap at:猛咬;厉声说话;怒声责骂;

snap up:抢购;

ache:疼痛;渴望;疼痛;

optical:眼的、光学的、视觉的;

alarm:惊恐、忧虑;警报;使惊恐;使担心;

wholly:完全地、全部地;

semester:学期;

impress:给……深刻印象;印、压印;

impress … on:在……中流下印象;

fate:命运、天数;

resistant:抵抗的、抗……的、耐……的;

resistant to:抵抗的、抗……的、耐……的;

maximum:最大量、顶点;最大的、最高的、顶点的;

wicked:坏的、令人厌恶的;淘气的、顽皮的;

possess:占用、拥有;

widen:加宽、变宽;

widespread:分布广的、普遍地;

active:活跃的、积极的;主动的;起作用的;

beard:胡须、络腮胡子;

classification:分类、分级、分类法;类别、级别;

postage:邮费、邮资;

widow:寡妇;

accidental:偶然的、意外的;

accidental death:意外死亡的;

happen:发生;碰巧、恰好;

happen to:偶然发生;

element:成分、要素、元素;【pl.】基础、纲要;自然力;

era:时代、年代、纪元;

arise:出现;由……引起;起身、起床;

arise from:从……产生、由……而引起;

poem:诗;

explosive:炸药;爆炸的;极易引起争论的;

width:宽阔、广阔、宽度;

grammar:语法(书);

wisdom:智慧、才智;名言;

insult:侮辱、凌辱;侮辱;损伤;

freight:货运、货物、运费;运送(货物);

air freight:航空货运;

sea freight:航海货运;

physical:身体的;物理(学)的;物质的、有形的;

conversely:相反(地);

wit:风趣、妙语;【pl.】智力、才智、智能;

Mark is a man of wit. 马克是个风趣的人;

location:位置、场所;(电影的)外景拍摄地;

hostile:敌方的、不友善的;

reject:拒绝;拒纳、退回;摈弃;

purchase:买、购买;购买、购买的物品;

CET-4: Word List 32

bubble:泡;冒泡、沸腾;

intimate:亲密的、个人的;至交、密友;暗示、提示;

be intimate with sb./ be on intimate terms with sb.:与某人关系密切;

defeat:战胜、挫败;

bacon:咸肉;

creature:创造物、产物;生物、动物、家畜;

optional:可以任选的;

probable:很可能的、大概的;

fuss:忙乱;大惊小怪、小题大做;(为小事)烦恼、过于忧虑;

wax:蜡、蜂蜡;给……上蜡;

nucleus:核心、(原子)核;

financial:财政的、金融的;

sequence:连续、接续、一连串;次序、顺序;

concede:(不情愿地)承认、承认……为真(或正确);(在结果确定前)承认失败;允许、让与;让步、认输;

brand:商品、烙印;铭刻、打烙印于;加污名于、谴责;

junior:年少的;资历较浅的;晚辈;(美国中学或大学的)三年级学生;

whale:鲸;

whatsoever:(用于否定句中以加强语气)任何;

relax:放松、(使)松弛;放宽、缓和;

fireman:消防队员;司炉工;

crust:面包皮、硬外皮;外壳、地壳;

observation:注意、观察;言论、评论;观察资料(或数据);

mention:提及、说起;

not to mention:除……外还、更不必说;

make mention of:提到;

guideline:【常pl.】指导方针、准则;

insight:洞察力、深刻的见解;

nuclear:核子的、核能的、核武器的;核心的;

seminar:(大学的)研究班、研讨会;

colony:殖民地;侨居地、聚居地;(动植物的)群体、集群;

jeans:工装裤、牛仔裤;

deliberate:故意的、蓄意的;慎重的、深思熟虑的;

catalog:目录、目录册;一系列;将……编入目录、将(书籍、资料等)编目;

salesman:售货员、推销员;

liver:肝;

inevitable:不可避免的、必然的;

deck:甲板、层面;

arrangement:整理、排列;【常pl.】安排、准备工作;

forbid:禁止、不许、阻止;

account:记叙;解释;账目;说明……的原因;(在数量、比例方面)占;

account for:解释、说明;占有;

on account of:由于、为了……;

on no account:决不可以、无论如何也不;

take account of:考虑到、顾及、体谅;

take into account:考虑到;注意、重视;

of no account:不重要的;

operator:操作人员、话务员、报务员;

whilst:当……的时候;

lid:盖子、盖;

humble:谦逊的、地位低下的;简陋的;

Knowledge makes humble; ignorance makes proud. 知识令人谦虚;无知使人骄傲。

descend:下来、下降、下倾;继承;

descend from:起源于,是……的后裔;

descend on:袭击;

descend to:沦为、把身份降至;

furniture:家具;

aggressive:侵略的、好斗的;敢做敢为的;有进取心的;

footstep:脚步、脚步声、足迹;

invent:发明、创造;捏造;

catalogue:同catalog;

plantation:种植园、人工林;

accurate:准确的、正确无误的;

mankind:人类;

log:原木、木料;航海(或飞行)日志;正式记录;

log in:进入计算机系统;

log out:退出计算机系统;

pessimistic:悲观(主义)的;

a pessimistic view of life:对生活悲观的看法;

neighbourhood:四邻;附近;

in the neighbourhood of:在……附近;大约;

glow:白热光;脸红;激情;发白热光;

injure:伤害、损害、损伤;

objective:目标、目的;客观的、无偏见的;

alter:改变、变更、变动;

electricity:电;

apparent:表面上的、明显地;

arrow:箭、箭状物;箭头符号;

occupy:占领、占、占有;

hunt:打猎;搜寻;驱逐;

hunt down:对……穷追到底、追捕到;

go hunting:打猎;

hunt for:寻找;

poll:民意测验;【常pl.】政治选举、大选;对……进行民意测验;获得(……张选票);

grape:葡萄、葡萄藤;

capacity:容量、能力、能量;才能;身份、地位;

refresh:(使)振作精神、(使)恢复活力;

guidance:引导、指导、领导;

ounce:盎司;

applicant:申请人;

ashamed:惭愧的、羞耻的;害臊的;

draft:草稿;汇票;征兵;通风;起草;征募;

whip:鞭笞;猛地移动;搅打(奶油、蛋等)成糊状;鞭子;

philosopher:哲学家、哲人;

greenhouse:温室、暖室;

CET-4: Word List 31

contribution:贡献、促成作用;捐款、捐献物;(投给报刊登的)稿件;

weave:织、编;

crane:起重机、摄影升降机;鹤;

muscle:肌肉、体力;力量、实力;

admire:钦佩、羡慕;赞赏、称赞、夸奖;

exclude:把……排除在外;

inquire:打听、询问、调查;

inquire after/about:问起(某人情况);

inquire into:调查;注意;

dialect:方言、土语、地方话;

weed:杂草、野草;除草;

accident:意外、事故;

Negro:黑人(蔑称);

identify:认出、鉴定;把……等同于;

instrument:仪器、工具、乐器;

scratch:抓、搔、扒;刮擦、刻划;抓痕、划痕;抓、搔、刮;

from scratch:从零开始、从头做起;

up to scratch:合格、处于良好状态;

dependent:依靠的、依赖的;取决于……的;

be dependent on/upon:依靠、依赖;

moral:道德的、有道德的;【pl.】品行、道德规范;寓意;

moral standards:道德标准;

individual:个别的、独特的;个人、个体;

loan:贷款、借;

on loan:暂借的(地);

approve a loan:批准贷款;

divide:分、分开;分配、分享;除;使产生分歧;分歧;分界线、分水岭;

chin:颏、下巴;

shield:防护物、护罩;盾(状物);保护、防护;

minimum:最低限度、最小量;最低的、最小的;

lump:块、肿块;结块、将……归并在一起;

loose:松的;不精确的、不严密的;散漫的;

a loose package:松散的包裹;

loose talk:闲谈;

scissors:剪刀;

diameter:直径;

soar:猛增、剧增;高飞、升腾;(情绪、期望等)高涨;高耸、屹立;

molecule:分子;

gaze:凝视、盯、注视;

relationship:关系、关联;

reality:现实、实际;真实;

in reality:实际上、事实上;

risk:危险、风险;引起危险的事物(或人);冒……的风险、使遭受危险;

at risk:处境危险;

at the risk of:冒着……的危险;

fee:费、酬金、赏金;

mature:成熟的、成年人的;深思熟虑的;(票据等)到期的、应支付的;(使)成熟;

provided:假如、若是;

curiosity:好奇、好奇心;奇物、奇事、珍品;

organ:器官;机构;管风琴;新闻媒介;

grind:磨(碎);若干;

grind out:费力地作出;

grind into:把……碾成;

harmony:调和、协调、和谐;

in harmony (with):(与……)协调一致、(与……)和睦相处;

lamb:羔羊、小羊;羔羊肉;

column:柱、支柱、圆柱;纵队、直行;栏、专栏(文章);

weekly:每周的(地);

riot:暴乱、骚乱;(色彩、声音等的)极度丰富;聚众闹事;

being:存在、生物、生命;

plus:加、加上;表示加的、正的;加号、正号;

nightmare:噩梦;可怕的事物、无法摆脱的恐惧;

budget:预算、预算拨款;规划、安排;编预算;低廉的、收费公道的;

chart:图标;航图、海图;用图标表示、在图上表示;

porter:搬运供认;看门人、大楼管理员;

dusk:薄暮、黄昏、幽暗;

somewhat:一点儿;有点儿;

weep:哭泣、流泪;渗出;

weld:焊接、熔接;

competition:竞争、比赛;

gallon:加仑;

convert:(使)转变、(使)转化;(使)改变(信仰或态度);

to convert defeat into victory:反败为胜;

publish:公布、发表;出版、刊印;

market:市场、股市;行情、销路;

kneel:跪、跪下、跪着;

postpone:延迟、延期;

liter:升;

click:(使)发出咔嗒声;咔嗒声;

logical:逻辑的、合乎常理的;

convince:使确信、使信服、说服;

headline:大字标题、新闻提要;

disaster:灾难、灾祸、天灾;彻底的失败;

natural disaster:自然灾害;

welfare:幸福;福利、福利救济;

pierce:刺穿、穿孔于;

ankle:踝、踝关节;

twist one’s ankle:扭伤脚踝;

radiation:放射物、辐射能;辐射;

origin:起源、起因;出身、血统;

well-known:众所周知的、著名的;

exhaust:使筋疲力尽、用尽;详尽论述;排气装置;废气;

hardship:艰难、困苦;

Histories make men wise; poems witty; the mathematics subtle; natural philosophy deep; moral grave; logic and rhetoric able to contend. 历史使人明智;诗词使人灵秀;数学使人周密;自然哲学使人深刻;伦理使人庄重;逻辑修辞学使人善辩。